Genes and Society in the News:
- Science Daily. Late breaking mutations may play an important role in autism. Mutations are not inherited, but occur during development or as de novo mutations in sperm or eggs.
- Robert Salpolsky. Behave: The Biology of Humans at Our Best and Worst. Penguin Press, NY, 2017. Good presentation on heritability and comprehensive section on twin studies, including the critiques. Critical of “warrior gene”, less so of Caspi’s studies on child abuse and MAOA (Gene vs Environment). Good footnotes on sociobiology.
- Aug. 17. SocArXiv Preprint. Aaron Panofsky and Joan Donovan. When Genetics Challenges a Racist’s Identity: Genetic Ancestry Testing among White Nationalists
- Additionally, there are many recent news articles about white nationalists using genetic ancestry testing. Two examples:
- August 23. Sekar Katherisan. Nature News and Views. 548:530-531. Heart disease: Putative medicines that mimic mutations. doi:10.1038/nature23544. Related to the human knockout studies in Pakistan.
- August 17, 2017. Richard M. Schwartzstein, M.D., and David H. Roberts, M.D. N Engl J Med 2017; 377:605-607 DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp1706474. Saying Goodbye to Lectures in Medical School — Paradigm Shift or Passing Fad?
Article for Discussion:
- DeSalle- Tattersall. Chapter 14, Mr. Murray Loses His Bet, in book on taxonomy.
- Earlier chapters cover in depth the ways by which taxonomists work and the scientific methods they employ. Use of hypothesis testing. Uses of the terms race/sub-species.
- Critique of Nicholas Wade’s A Troublesome Inheritance is extensive and gets at the core that Wade does not present hypothesis on human races, rather all the methods (e.g. STRUCTURE) are inductive approaches. Authors provide quotes from Wade’s book related to regionality, that misrepresents taxonomic science.
- Wade critiqued for ignoring that greater and more continuous population sampling reveals much about human genetic variation. Instead Wade relies on the progression of studies that used a greater number of genetic markers on still relatively poorly sampled human populations.
- He is critiqued for giving arbitrary meaning to the “five clusters” despite the studies (with greater population sampling) that produce other clustering arrangements.